Handwritten lecture on Peptic Ulcer Disease for USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step 2. Will be covering pathophysiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and treatment. PHYSIO.. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) refers to the full-thickness ulcerations of duodenal or gastric mucosa. The ulcerations form when exposure to acid and digestive enzymes overcomes mucosal defense mechanisms. The most common etiologies include Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
. Hostile Factors No gastric acid, no peptic ulcer is a misconception. Excessive gastric acid secretion is only one factor in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease. Decreased mucosal defense against gastric acid is another cause A peptic ulcer is an erosion in a segment of the gastrointestinal mucosa, typically in the stomach (gastric ulcer) or the first few centimeters of the duodenum (duodenal ulcer), that penetrates through the muscularis mucosae. Nearly all ulcers are caused by Helicobacter pylori infection or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use
PEPTIC ULCER DEFINITION Peptic ulcers are open sores in the upper part of the digestive tract (figure 1) that can cause stomach pain or stomach upset, and that can lead to internal bleeding. There are two types of peptic ulcers: ● Gastric ulcers, which form on the lining of the stomac What is peptic ulcer disease? Peptic ulcer disease is when a defect develops in the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum, and this causes epigastric pa.. The following statements best characterize the current status of H. pylori testing and treating except: A) asymptomatic patients with a documented history of PUD should be tested for H. pylori, and if positive, should receive eradication therapy.: B) symptomatic patients with uninvestigated dyspepsia should be tested for H. pylori, and if positive, should receive eradication therapy
Tanner Marshall, MS, Evan Debevec-McKenney Peptic refers to the stomach, and an ulcer is a sore or break in a membrane, so peptic ulcer disease describes having one or more sores in the stomach - called gastric ulcers - or duodenum - called duodenal ulcers- which are actually more common Peptic ulcer disease. : breaks in the mucosal surface >5 mm, with depth to the submucosa Health care costs of ~$10 billion. /. year in the US Despite the constant attack on the gastroduodenal mucosa by noxious agents (acid, pepsin, bile acids, pancreatic enzymes, drugs, and bacteria), integrity is maintained by a system that provides mucosal.
Peptic ulcer disease is characterized by discontinuation in the inner lining of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract because of gastric acid secretion or pepsin. It extends into the muscularis propria layer of the gastric epithelium. It usually occurs in the stomach and proximal duodenum. It may involve the lower esophagus, distal duodenum, or jejunum ● Peptic ulcer disease - Upper abdominal pain or discomfort is the most prominent symptom in patients with peptic ulcers. Although discomfort from ulcers is usually centered in the epigastrium, it may occasionally localize to the right or left upper quadrants [ 9 ] Patient Case Presentation. YI CHUN LIN. Oct 16, 2019 - 8:09 PM. A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. She looked for a PCP's advice as she had a tarry stool in the early morning which she had never experienced before peptic ulcer disease (PUD). THE PATIENT WITH SUSPECTED PUD A peptic ulcer is a defect in the gastric or duodenal wall that extends through the muscularis mucosa (the lower-most limit of the mucosa) into the deeper layers of the wall (submucosa or the muscularis propria).3 Signs and symptoms of PUD include dyspepsia, GI bleeding, anemia
Gastritis and an ulcer both inflame the stomach lining, but gastritis is a general inflammation, and an ulcer is a patch of eroded stomach lining. Though gastritis and an ulcer share symptoms, an intense, localized pain is much more common with an ulcer, and an ulcer also carries the risk of bleeding, cancer and eventual stomach perforation STDs Ulcers Description Genital ulcer : • Button-like papule that develops into painless erosion and then ulcerates with raised border & scanty serous exudate. Surface may be crusted. -Site: genital (95%) & extragenital (5%) -Shape: rounded or oval , regular & well-defined.-Surface: dull red, clean , oozing (scanty serous exud.)-Edge: slopin
Ulcers are open sores that develop in the skin or mucous membranes. In peptic ulcer disease (PUD), painful sores develop, most commonly in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or both. PUD arises when there is an imbalance between protective factors (eg, mucosal barrier) and damaging factors (eg, hydrochloric acid) This is free video of Peptic Ulcer Disease Assessment.webm from Picmonic USMLE Videos | freemedtub 1. Pud: where are ulcers found in peptic ulcer disease? 98% case in the duodenum (75%) or stomach (25%) 10-20% of patients with a gastric ulcer have a duodenal ulcer also also found in the gastro-oesophageal junction, gastrojejunostomy sites, jejunum (zollinger-elison syndrome) and a meckles diverticulum A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, an area called the duodenum. COMLEX USMLE Board Review of Peptic Ulcer Disease Management and Treatment on Vime Peptic Ulcer Diseases 1. LectureLecture PEPTICPEPTIC ULCERULCER DISEASEDISEASE 2. SponsoredSponsored Medical Lecture Notes -Medical Lecture Notes - All SubjectsAll Subjects USMLE Exam (America) -USMLE Exam (America) - PracticePractice 3
There is a strong association between H. pylori and peptic ulcer disease (PUD). It is also associated with gastric adenocarcinoma and some lymphomas. Because this organism is difficult to eradicate with a single agent, a multiple medication regimen is often used. For more prep questions on USMLE Steps 1,. (Gastro) Peptic Ulcer Disease 64 Terms. Doc-Toney PLUS. USMLE World GI 74 Terms. eluo123. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. PANCE Buzzwords 315 Terms. chloe_ferrar. Bone Tumors 147 Terms. chloe_ferrar. Pediatric Ortho 119 Terms. chloe_ferrar. Common Sports and Work Injuries 83 Terms. chloe_ferrar
Aug 21, 2004 - 3:42 AM. #3. Phuluong2k, Nice Q. Pain in Peptic Ulcer Disease is actually acid-induced. It is due to acid stimulation of chemical receptors and/ or alterations of gastric motility. See, food intake causes transient partial neutralisation of gastric acid> hence pain is relieved Here are 50 free USMLE Step practice test from the Smash USMLE Step 1 question bank. She has a medical history of rheumatoid arthritis, peptic ulcer disease and hypertension for which is receiving treatment. The most likely cause of her chief complaint is. aspirin. hydrochlorothiazide . infliximab . lisinopril Summary Antacids are drugs used to neutralize acid in the stomach and GI tract. This neutralizing action helps prevent acid-mediated damage in conditions like peptic ulcer disease and acid reflux. Common antacids to know include magnesium hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide, and calcium hydroxide. While magnesium hydroxide can lead to wet feces and diarrhea, aluminum hydroxide can lead to constipation
H2 receptors are importantly found on parietal cells in the stomach, where binding induces production and secretion of stomach acid. H2-blocking drugs including cimetidine, famotidine, ranitidine, and nizatidine can be used to reduce gastric acid production, which is useful in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease and acid reflux Esophageal Disorders. GERD. Peptic Ulcer Disease and Gastritis. Other Gastric Disorders. Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Diarrhea. Malabsorption. Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Colon Disorders and Surveillance Most ulcers occur in the first layer of the inner lining. A hole that goes all the way through the stomach or duodenum is called a perforation. A perforation is a medical emergency. The most common cause of ulcers is infection of the stomach by bacteria called Helicobacter pylori ( H.pylori ). Most people with peptic ulcers have these bacteria. Prep for Exams and Earn CME Credits. This online CME course — The Brigham Board Review in Gastroenterology and Hepatology — provides in-depth coverage of key practice improvement areas, including inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer screening, gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett's esophagus, liver disease, celiac disease, hepatitis C, constipation, and more This is free video of 33 Drugs Used in GERD and Peptic Ulcer Disease from Falcon Review Usmle Step 1 | freemedtub
CHAPTER 1 ESOPHAGEAL & GASTRIC DISORDERS 1.1 - Esophagitis and GERD 1.2 - Esophageal Cancer 1.3 - Acute Upper GI Bleed: Esophageal Varices 1.4 - Acute Upper GI Bleed: Non-variceal 1.5 - Gastropathy, Gastritis and Gastric Cancer 1.6 - Peptic Ulcer Disease 1.7 - Upper Abdominal Pain DD This blog has multiple choice questions , short notes , maniacs and other useful information related to medical subjects . You have many books but profit of reading this blog is random access of many topics in small time
BECKER USMLE Step 1 Pharmacology offers in-depth review with a focus on high-yield topics - a comprehensive approach that will help you deepen your understanding while focusing your efforts where they'll count the most. In this blog post, you will be able to download free PDF e-book copy of BECKER USMLE Step 1 Pharmacology PDF The most common causes of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) are Helicobacter pylori infection and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The test-and-treat strategy for detect Study Flashcards On USMLE Step 1 FA Musculoskeletal General Rheumatology at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Acute post hemorrhagic anemia is another complication with the peptic ulcer disease. The evidence of bleeding in peptic ulcer is seen as hematemesis (blood.
.Individuals with gastric outlet obstruction will often have recurrent vomiting of food that has accumulated in the stomach, but which cannot pass into the small intestine due to the obstruction. The stomach often dilates to accommodate food. Peptic Ulcer [Written Summary] PDF This Free direct link on mediafire, please support us by donation and sharing Become a patron Summary Topics: Blood supply & venous drainage of stomach Nerve supply of stomach Histology of the stomach Surgical Physiology >>> Gastric motility, Gastric secretion, Phases of gastric secretion>>> 1/ Cephalic (neural) phase , [
Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that frequently presents in young adults ages 20 to 30. Symptoms include pain in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen, diarrhea, weight loss, arthritis, and rectal bleeding. Complications include intestinal blockage, nutritional deficiencies, skin problems, gallstones, and kidney stones. 6. Medbullets.com: Peptic Ulcer Disease. Subjects related to medical school class content, and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) USMLE Step 2 CK: Management Radiology study guide by Dr_Jay includes 70 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades
BECKER USMLE STEP 1 PHARMACOLOGY PDF FREE DOWNLOAD:2021. In this following post we have shared an overview and download link of BECKER USMLE STEP 1 PHARMACOLOGY PDF. Read the quick review below and download the PDF by using links given at the end of the post. We have uploaded these PDF and EPUB files to our online file repository so that you. Peptic ulcer disease occurs with the greatest frequency in people between the ages of 40 and 60 years. It is relatively uncommon in women of childbearing age, but it has been observed in children and even in infants. After menopause, the incidence of peptic ulcers in women is almost equal to that in men July 1 at 11:00 AM. ZES is diagnosed through a finding of elevated gastrin level and elevated gastric acid output. Share . • The course focuses on teaching students concepts via active recall which allows the student to 'Think Like the Test Maker ' and apply content to questions
Licorice Causes High Blood Pressure. This article is part of a series on USMLE Step 1 Study. I haven't seen too much about this on USMLE forums, so I thought I would write a quick post on it. Black licorice contains the active ingredient glycyrrhizin, which is metabolically active. Glycyrrhizin INHIBITS the activity of 11-Beta hydroxysteroid. Swelling from peptic ulcer (common) Swelling from pancreas; Abnormal growth of tissue, such as: Scar tissue due to a peptic ulcer; A cancer growth; Risk Factors. Things that may raise the risk of this problem are: Peptic ulcer disease; Gastrointestinal tumors; Pancreatitis; Symptoms. Problems may be: Regular, frequent feeling of bloating or. Common Peptic ulcer disease exam questions for medical finals, OSCEs and MRCP PACES. Question 1. Causes of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) What are the causes of peptic ulcer disease? Responsible for 1/1000. Multiple ulcers. Question 2. Complications of PUD NAC clearance is reduced in people who have chronic liver disease. Do not take NAC if you have a history of kidney stones (particularly cystine stones). NAC can produce a false-positive result in the nitroprusside test for ketone bodies used to detect diabetes. Consult your doctor before taking NAC if you have a history of peptic ulcer disease Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) Definition Peptic ulcer refers to erosion of the mucosa lining any portion of the G.I. tract. It is defined as : A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by Helicobacter pylori infection
Feb 3, 2014 - Look out for the mind map logo on our notes pages or choose from a topic below: Cardiovascular Aortic Aneurysm Heart Failure Hypertension Myocardial Infarction Respiratory Asthma COPD Lung Cancer TB Pleural Effusion Gastroenterology Large Bowel Disorders IBS Liver Disorders Part I Liver Disorders Part II Malabsorption Oesophageal Disorders Peptic Ulcer Disease Part I Peptic [ Psychological stress doesn't cause 'Stress ulcers', although it does pre dispose to getting Peptic Ulcer Disease on its own accord. All the same, it doesn't cause 'Stress ulcer'. Cushing ulcers are type of stress ulcers occuring secondary to Head injury. They occur in the stomach commonly , and are associated with increased Gastric acid secretion Hypertension in Pregnancy. Normal and Abnormal Labour. Antepartum Hemorrhage (>20 weeks) Vaginal Birth After C-Section. Polycystic Ovarian Disease. Endometriosis. Pelvic Pain. Vaginal Discharge. Isoimmunization 1) diagnosis of peptic ulcer disease is by antiurease antibodies in blood, urea breath test, rapid urease test on ulcer biopsy specimen, and presence of organinism in biopsy specimen. Radiology. 2) ulcer on double-contrast upper GI series. Histology/Gross Pathology. 1) 95% located in first part of duodenum. H. plylori. 2) S-shaped gram-negative ro
Abdominal aortic aneurysm USMLE question 1. A 70-year-old man presents to the emergency department because of the rapid onset of severe abdominal pain radiating to his back. The patient states he has hypertension, peripheral artery disease, and diabetes mellitus. Current medications include hydrochlorothiazide, amlodipine, glyburide, and. Behçet disease is a multisystem, relapsing, chronic vasculitic disorder with mucosal inflammation. Common manifestations include recurrent oral ulcers, ocular inflammation, genital ulcers, and skin lesions. The most serious manifestations are blindness, neurologic or gastrointestinal manifestations, venous thromboses, and arterial aneurysms A peptic ulcer is a open sore that occurs either in the stomach, in the first part of the small intestine or in the lower esophagus. A peptic ulcer develops due to the effect of excess acid. 32 Parkinson's Disease. 281 33 Peptic Ulcer Disease. 291 34 Perimenopause and Osteoporosis. 299 35 Pheochromocytoma 309 36 Pneumonia. 319 37 Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. 327 38 Primary Adrenal Deficiency (Addison's Disease).337 39 Prostate Cancer. 347 40 Psoriasis 355 41 Pulmonary Embolism. 363 42 Rheumatoid Arthritis 371 43 Schizophrenia 38 Functional dyspepsia is also called nonulcer stomach pain or nonulcer dyspepsia. Functional dyspepsia is common and can be long lasting — although signs and symptoms are mostly intermittent. These signs and symptoms resemble those of an ulcer, such as pain or discomfort in your upper abdomen, often accompanied by bloating, belching and nausea
View list of generic and brand names of drugs used for treatment of Acid Peptic ( Peptic Ulcer Disease). You can find more information including dosage, side effects of the Acid Peptic ( Peptic. * Peptic ulcer question #725628 : hediehiran - 03/16/13 16:08 : A 45-year-old man with upper GI bleeding is hospitalized. Endoscopy revels a 15-mm clean-based duodenal ulcer and breath urease test is positive. For the patient amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and omeprazole for a two-week period is started Gastrointestinal System USMLE Pretest 1. Gastrointestinal System Pathanatomy Submitted By Anubhuti Dave Group 21 Semester 5th 2. 276. A 49-year-old female taking ibuprofen for increasing joint pain in her hands presents with increasing pain in her midsternal area. Peptic ulcer disease Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ulcers.
A 46-year-old Caucasian female is hospitalized for recurrent renal colic. Her past medical history is significant for peptic ulcer disease for which she takes famotidine daily. Her laboratory values are: Serum sodium 140 mai& Serum potassium 4.0 mEq/L Chloride 103 mEq/L Serum creatinine 0 8 mg/ These glands which secrete mucus are found in the duodenal submucosa and become hypertrophied in peptic ulcer disease. Brunner's glands This unencapsulated lymphoid tissue found in the small intestine is composed of specialized M cells that take up antigen and stimulate B cells to differentiate into IgA secreting plasma cells in mesenteric. Systematic, comprehensive, and concise reviews of all common and uncommon diseases and disorders that are frequently tested in the USMLE Step 2 CK and Step 3. They are composed of important concepts, etiologies, essentials of diagnoses, differential diagnoses, treatments, and preventive measures. 2 8 GIT pathology, Cancer eosophagus, Stomach, Peptic ulcer disease, USMLE ENDPOINT, step 1 (52:44) Start 9 GIT Pathology, malabsorption syndromes (143:02) Start 10 GIT pathology, devirticulosis, volvolus, adhesion, USMLE ENDPOINT, step1 (43:30).
This course prepares medical students for the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1. A first of its kind, HyGuru's USMLE Step 1 Review is a comprehensive course mapped to the USMLE content outline which prepares students to excel his or her score on the exam. The course focuses on teaching students concepts via active recall which allows the student to 'Think Like the Test. USMLE Step 1 - Free ebook download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. www.medfools.com 1 Medfools Bacteriology a la chart for the USMLE I Adapted from notes from UCLA., with additional corny mnemonics Staphylococcus aureus (virulent) (nonmotile, nonsporeforming, facultative anaerobe) Gm+ cocciDiseases Characteristics Habitat/Transmission Pathogenesis Diagnosis Treatment Preventio