- Surgery involves restoring the blood supply, if possible, to the affected part of the
**sigmoid**colon. Sometimes the affected part of the colon must be removed and the healthy ends reattached, a procedure called an intestinal resection - Sigmoid sinus wall reconstruction is a safe and effective approach for the treatment of SSD. During surgery, completely resolving both SSD and SSWD is advisable, and maintaining the normal diameter of the sigmoid sinus is imperative
- sigmoid function (named because it looks like an s) is also called the logistic func-logistic tion, and gives logistic regression its name. The sigmoid has the following equation, function shown graphically in Fig.5.1: y =s(z)= 1 1+e z = 1 1+exp( z) (5.4) (For the rest of the book, we'll use the notation exp(x) to mean ex.) The sigmoid
- Sigmoid volvulus is a medical emergency and diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Emergent EDDR and decompression tube placement should be utilized as a first line treatment for patients with uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus
- al tenderness, use of laxa
- g them with a sigmoid. With Logistic Correction, the sigmoid parameters are derived from Friedman et al.'s analysis. With Platt Scaling, the pa-rameters are ﬁtted to the data using gradient descent. Iso-tonic Regression is a general-purpose non.
- You can use the sigmoid () function from the {pracma} package in R. The function will fit a sigmoidal curve to a numeric vector. If you don't care what function fits the data, I would recommend the gam () function from the {mgcv} package in R

Platt Scaling is most effective when the distortion in the predicted probabilities is sigmoid shaped. Isotonic Regression is a more powerful calibration method that can correct any monotonic.. Drinking plenty of water is essential to reduce or treat the symptoms like constipation in a redundant colon. Water along with what we eat in order to treat the symptoms in a redundant colon will make the stool softer and easier to eliminate out of the body

Looking at the graph, we can see that the given a number n, the sigmoid function would map that number between 0 and 1. As the value of n gets larger, the value of the sigmoid function gets closer and closer to 1 and as n gets smaller, the value of the sigmoid function is get closer and closer to 0 ** sess sigmoid colon viability and to allow initial detorsion and decompression of the colon**. Grade of Recommen-dation: Strong recommendation, based on low- or very-low-quality evidence, 1C. in the absence of colonic ischemia or perforation, the initial treatment of sigmoid volvulus is endoscopic de-torsion, which is effective in 60% to 95% of patie Sigmoid Sinus Diverticulum: A New Surgical Approach to the Correction of Pulsatile Tinnitus Otto, Kristen J.*; Hudgins, Patricia A.†; Abdelkafy, Wael*‡; Mattox, Douglas E.* Abstract Objective: Tinnitus represents a bothersome symptom not infrequently encountered in an otology practice. Tinnitus can be the harbinger of identifiable middle or.

** Performs Sigmoid Correction on the input image**. Also known as Contrast Adjustment. This function transforms the input image pixelwise according to the equation O = 1/ (1 + exp* (gain* (cutoff - I))) after scaling each pixel to the range 0 to 1 Sigmoid functions are an important part of a logistic regression model. Logistic regression is a modification of linear regression for two-class classification, and converts one or more real-valued inputs into a probability, such as the probability that a customer will purchase a product

Sigmoid sinus wall reconstruction is an effective and safe treatment for PT caused by SSWD. It is imperative that all regions of the dehiscence are sufficiently exposed and resurfaced during surgery When a patient complains of tinnitus that is pulsatile in nature, a thorough workup is indicated to rule out vascular abnormality. We report of a new diagnostic finding and method of surgical correction for select patients with pulsatile tinnitus. Study design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Tertiary care, academic referral center There are two methods of Calibration. Sigmoid/ Platt's : In this technique we use a slight variation of sigmoid function to fit out distribution of predicted probabilities to the distribution of.. Sigmoidal contrast adjustment can alter the contrast and brightness of an image in a way that matches human's non-linear visual perception. It works well to increase contrast without blowing out the very dark shadows or already-bright parts of the image. Saturation can be thought of as the colorfulness of a pixel

There is this sigmoid function that links the linear predictor to the final prediction. Depending on the course, this sigmoid function may be pulled out of thin air and introduced as the function that maps the number line to the desired range [0, 1]. There is an infinite number of functions that could do this mapping, why choose this one If you leave a focus of sigmoid behind, the diverticulitis can come back, says Dr. Remzi. Of the 213 diverticulitis surgeries performed in 2013 by Cleveland Clinic colorectal surgeons, 62.4 percent were done via laparoscope, with a five-day median length of stay and a mortality rate of less than 1 percent Cutoff of the sigmoid function that shifts the characteristic curve: in horizontal direction. Default value is 0.5. gain : float, optional: The constant multiplier in exponential's power of sigmoid function. Default value is 10. inv : bool, optional: If True, returns the negative sigmoid correction. Defaults to False. Returns-----out : ndarra

drugsupdate.com - India's leading online platform for Doctors and health care professionals. Updates on Drugs, news, journals, 1000s of videos, national and international events, product-launches and much more...Latest drugs in India, drugs, drugs update, drugs updat [Rectoromanoscopic correction of sigmoid volvulus]. [Article in Bulgarian] Kamenov G, Danchovska D, Chobanov I. The volvulus of the sigma is about 40% of all cases with colonic ileus. It is seen in men three times more frequently than in women and affects men in advanced and elderly age Sigmoid colon, a terminal section of the large intestine that connects the descending colon to the rectum; its function is to store fecal wastes until they are ready to leave the body. The sigmoid colon derives its name from the fact that it is curved in the form of an S (Greek sigma: σ).Its size depends upon the amount of waste material in it, but when contracted its diameter is only about. Removal of sigmoid colon, due to diverticulitus. Hello, i had a take down they call it, from removal of sigmoid colon in 2006. I was 49 years old, no cancer, luckily. Surgery went well, I had a wonderful caring surgeon. 10 years later , i started to get a sharp pain in my lower abdomen, where the sigmoid was, it was unbearable , felt like.

The tunnel width of a sigmoid-type esophagus should be wider than that of a non-sigmoid-type or more half of esophageal circumference [61,65,66]. 2. Conclusions. Severe achalasia with sigmoid esophagus poses a significant challenge in management. The treatment options available for sever achalasia with a sigmoid esophagus are highly controversial Diverticulitis. Diverticulosis is a condition that occurs when small pouches, or sacs, form and push outward through weak spots in the wall of your colon. These pouches are most common in the lower part of your colon, called the sigmoid colon. One pouch is called a diverticulum

The sigmoid colon is the part of the colon closest to the rectum. Symptoms of sigmoid volvulus include: Some severe cases (with recurring complications) do require surgical correction. How do. * Acute sigmoid diverticulitis, a complication of colonic diverticulosis, is the most common cause of acute left lower-quadrant pain in adults*. Diverticulosis occurs in 5 to 10 percent of persons by. Presenting Sigmoid's Multi-Touch Attribution (MTA) accelerator for marketers looking to measure and improve marketing tactics at a granular level. Our robust MTA models provide faster and more accurate reports, enabling in-flight campaign optimization with less lead time. The fast and scalable MTA accelerator empowers marketers in CPG.

** Why Gender Correction Surgery is Necessary ? Sexual identity is the core issue of human psychology**. Gender identity poses a great embarrassment for transgenders and we can imagine the problems of a person who just keeps on struggling to find his own gender identity.They need a constant help and support in this venture of establishing their own selves so that they can integrate themselves into. The sigmoid colon is the S-shaped part of your lower large intestine and can become strained during constipation, increasing the risk for diverticulitis. Learn how this part of the colon functions.

Rectal prolapse surgery is a procedure to repair rectal prolapse, which occurs when the last part of the large intestine (the rectum) stretches and protrudes from the anus. Surgery puts the rectum back in place. There are a number of ways to do rectal prolapse surgery The distance between the maximum point of sigmoid descent with strain and the perineal body was measured. A chart review was performed to obtain clinical history, physical examination results, surgical treatment, and outcome. In these patients there was a strong association with constipation that responded to surgical correction, but the. The curve initially declines in a time of experimenting and learning, then rises in a period of growth and prosperity, and finally declines leading to the end. The key to sustaining a healthy life. -----x-----x-----x-----おはよう寺ちゃん the general daughter 熱舞 no limits 2 coaster qaib illuvatas pro replay kobe v.. Looking for medication to treat inflammation of the sigmoid colon and the rectum? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce.

* A logistic function or logistic curve is a common S-shaped curve (sigmoid curve) with equation = + (),where , the value of the sigmoid's midpoint;, the curve's maximum value;, the logistic growth rate or steepness of the curve*. For values of in the domain of real numbers from to +, the S-curve shown on the right is obtained, with the graph of approaching as approaches + and approaching zero as. • The sigmoid colon is a short curving of the colon, just before the rectum. The colon removes water, salt, and some nutrients forming stool. Muscles line the colon's walls, squeezing its. Each year, more than 600,000 surgical procedures are performed in the United States to treat a number of colon diseases. Patients undergo colon surgery for a number of conditions including: colorectal cancer, polyps, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's and ulcerative colitis), colonic inertia, stricture of the colon and diverticulitis surgery to remove all or part of your colon is known as. This property makes the sigmoid function desirable for systems with a limited ability to calculate derivatives. Learning Rate Edit The learning rate is a common parameter in many of the learning algorithms, and affects the speed at which the ANN arrives at the minimum solution

The sigmoid function is defined as follows $$\sigma (x) = \frac{1}{1+e^{-x}}.$$ This function is easy to differentiate Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 177 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers Source : OpenCV. Gamma Correction. Gamma correction is a non-linear adjustment to individual pixel values. While in image normalization we carried out linear operations on individual pixels, such as scalar multiplication and addition/subtraction, gamma correction carries out a non-linear operation on the source image pixels, and can cause saturation of the image being altered

- Diverticulitis occurs when small pockets in the large intestine become infected, causing pain and other symptoms. It can be severe and require surgery, which carries risks and is not always.
- Initial treatment of a deviated septum may be directed at managing your symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe: Decongestants. Decongestants are medications that reduce nasal tissue swelling, helping to keep the airways on both sides of your nose open. Decongestants are available as a pill or as a nasal spray. But use nasal sprays with caution
- Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine (backbone). There is a natural, forward-and-backward curve to the spine. With scoliosis, the spine rotates and develops a side-to-side curve. Curves may be as mild as 10 degrees, or as severe as 100 degrees or more. Most cases of scoliosis are mild and don't need treatment
- D orsal tilt, radial inclination, radial translocation, or shortening of the distal radial fragment may be responsible, alone or in association, for distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) pathology in malunited distal radius fractures.1, 2 As long as the
**sigmoid**notch anatomy is preserved, procedures exist to reconstruct the DRUJ relationships. Radial osteotomy and ulna shortening with or without. - We can express this using a family of Sigmoid functions, re-scaled to the range of local block (so that this function is adaptively scaled thorough the image). # This is the function used for composing def sigmoid(x, orig, rad): k = np.exp((x - orig) * 5 / rad) return k / (k + 1.) # Here, we combine the local blocks
- ance. Without gamma, shades captured by digital cameras wouldn't appear as they did to our eyes (on a standard monitor)
- The presentation of ≤ 60 age group throughout the article were incorrect. The data should have been presented as 60≤ age group

In mathematical definition way of saying the sigmoid function take any range real number and returns the output value which falls in the range of 0 to 1.Based on the convention we can expect the output value in the range of -1 to 1.. The sigmoid function produces the curve which will be in the Shape S. These curves used in the statistics too.. With the cumulative distribution function. A total of 3295 patients (3061 sigmoid resection, 234 polypectomy) responded to the questionnaire (response rate 63·8 per cent). Twelve bowel symptoms were more prevalent after sigmoid resection, including: excessive straining, fragmentation, bloating, nocturnal defaecation, bowel false alarm, liquid stool incontinence, incomplete evacuation.

Sigmoid sinus diverticulum: a new surgical approach to the correction of pulsatile tinnitus. Otol Neurotol 2007 ; 28 : 48 - 53 doi: 10.1097/01.mao.0000247814.85829.f6 pmid: 17195746 CrossRef PubMe Sigmoid volvulus is a rare, but serious, complication that can occur during pregnancy. We present a case of a 33-year-old pregnant female in the third trimester with a sigmoid volvulus. Detorsion of the volvulus was performed during colonoscopy. The patient underwent an elective sigmoidectomy at a later date. Prompt diagnosis of the volvulus sigmoid is critical to minimize fetal and maternal. Sigmoid Function is very commonly used in classifier algorithms to calculate the probability. It always returns a value between 0 and 1 which is the probability of a thing ** Correction; Published: 30 March 2020; Correction to: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis induced by the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor complicated from sigmoid volvulus in a diabetic patient**. Andrea Police 1, Lionel Charre 1, Enrico Volpin 1, Christos Antonopulos 1, Hamdi Braham 1 & Najib El Arbi Curve correction can open the space in these areas and we don't have to go after the nerve root foramina. Major scoliosis correction averages 53%. Lumbosacral fractional curve correction was 46% in this group. The key really is balanced correction. Kyphosis approached the physiological range also, and the same thing for lumbar lordosis

- Sigmoid sinus diverticulum: a new surgical approach to the correction of pulsatile tinnitus. Otol Neurotol 2007 ; 28 : 48 - 53 CrossRef Google Scholar PubMed 5 Xue , J , Li , T , Sun , X , Liu , Y
- $$$animation 寻情记 ytn 뉴스 openbve xixi true gingershadow flicks and movies girl pooping on toilet mlp:fim pees kvn pyatigorsk truth convoy up shorts gymnastics..
- Figure 1. The normal qPCR amplification curve shape. Two points on the curve are of particular interest to us. One is the CT value; although exact definition of this depends on the instrument software algorithms, this is basically the point where the curve first clearly rises off baseline to a statistically significant degree
- This technique is applicable to correction of a dropped rim, pinched nostrils, hidden columella, sigmoid ala, small nostrils, and foreshortened nose. Results: These techniques have been used to treat primary, secondary, and traumatic nasal deformities in more than 200 patients during the past 20 years with few complications

Endovascular correction of an infantile intracranial venous outflow obstruction: Case report. Maryam Soltanolkotabi, Shahram Rahimi, absent left sigmoid sinus, hypoplastic left transverse sinus, and severe focal weblike stenosis of the right sigmoid sinus. Right sigmoid sinus angioplasty and stent insertion was performed, with an immediate. Directions: Write the correction or comment on the blank provided. Some examples do not contain a problem so just write none on the blank 1.The patient wears a hearing aide in the left ear.-Errors and corrections if any: -_____ -_____ -2.A small nodule was removed measuring a centimeter in diameter The acquired data were corrected with either conventional 1D correction , or our new 2D correction method. The sigmoid function was chosen to suppress signals in 85% of the FOV (i.e., assuming that the scan objects occupied 85% of the FOV). The reconstructed images were then compared in terms of the residual artifact level in the background Sigmoid volvulus is more common and tends to affect older patients. The twist affects the sigmoid colon. resulting in a correction of the volvulus. A flatus tube / rectal tube is left in place temporarily to help decompress the bowel and is later removed. There is a risk of recurrence (around 60%)

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. The curve is usually S- or C-shaped over three dimensions. In some, the degree of curve is stable, while in others, it increases over time. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, but more severe cases can affect breathing and movement The sigmoid colon is the most common site of large-bowel torsion (80%), followed by the cecum (15%), transverse colon (3%), and splenic flexure (2%). Prompt diagnosis and treatment are critical in order to avoid the development of bowel ischemia. 2. Sigmoid volvulus (SV), the most common type of CV, is a frequent cause of bowel obstruction Xing Wu and Bogdan M. Wilamowski, Advantage analysis of Sigmoid based RBF Networks, 17-th IEEE Intelligent Engineering Systems Conference, INES 2013, Costa Rica, June 19-21., 2009, pp. 243-248. C. Network computation Because of the fixed three layer structure, it's very easy t

Reviews Eyes Surgery Upper BlepharoplastyLower Blepharoplasty Face Surgery Forehead AugmentationNeck LiftEar Correction Nose Surgery AlarplastyRhinoplasty Lip Surgery Lip AugmentationLip LiftLip Reduction Body Surgery Arm LiftLiposuctionThigh LiftCalf Implant Breast Surgery Areola ReductionBreast Augmentation - MentorBreast Augmentation - NatrelleBreast Augmentation - SebbinBreast. Colostomy, the surgical formation of an artificial anus by making an opening from the colon through the abdominal wall. A colostomy may be performed in order to decompress an obstructed colon; to divert the fecal stream after traumatic injury or when resectioning an inflammatory, obstructive, o Colostomy reversal after sigmoid colon removal. Reply to this topic Start a new topic . Please, select a category: Ostomy-related questions Intimacy, relationships & ostomy Ostomy & healthy eating Ostomy, healthy lifestyle, sports & workout Let's talk

The sigmoid function is used in the activation function of the neural network Inmate Deposit Services. The Inmate Deposit Service provides a fast and secure way to deposit funds into an inmate's Trust Account or Pre-Pay Phone Service Account. You can deposit money 24/7 online (personal computer/smartphone) or by phone at (866) 250-7697. For more information and details, visit the Inmate Deposit Service An other docter told me to use Chlorophyll , cellulosis, to eat. 1) lemon+1 spoon of honey+2 tbs of olive oil+ 1 onion morning , 4 days a week all the month long. 2) pumpkin+ green tomatoes+ vegies of beenplant+igname. 3) 4 aples+passion fruits+ pinapple+maize+papay all the day long at 8:00am and at 4:00pm * The goal of spinal deformity surgery in the setting of adult scoliosis is to provide patients with relief of their pain and neurologic symptoms while restoring their overall spinal alignment*. Improvement in overall spinal alignment is shown to improve not only long term quality of life but also improve a patient's self-image. Physical Therap

In some cases, the forced correction of a brace actually causes an increase in patient's rib deformity, commonly known as a rib hump. Even if a brace is successful and does not increase deformity, all benefit is lost once the brace is removed. Overall, a 2007 article for the journal, Spine, graded bracing as a D for ability to halt. standard sigmoid (i.e. logistic function) is a particularly convenient replacement for the step function of the Simple Perceptron. The logistic function ranges from 0 to 1. There is some evidence that an anti-symmetric transfer function, i.e. one that satisfies f(-x) = - f(x), enables the gradient descent algorithm to learn faster Functional treatment: at 25 - 40 degrees, we continue working to reduce the curvature, addressing the underlying structural nature of the condition, with the ultimate goal of correction and prevention; this is done through achieving a curvature reduction/supporting and stabilizing the spine, and preventing the condition from reaching more severe levels and preventing the need for future surgery ** gistic Correction**. We also experiment with boosting using log-loss instead of the usual exponential loss. Experiments Two questions arise: where does the sigmoid training set (fi,yi) come from and how to avoid overﬁtting to it. One answer to the ﬁrst question is to use the same train se That's because the sigmoid looks at each raw output value separately. In contrast, the outputs of a softmax are all interrelated. The probabilities produced by a softmax will always sum to one by design: 0.04 + 0.21 + 0.05 + 0.70 = 1.00. Thus, if we are using a softmax, in order for the probability of one class to increase, the probabilities.

If deficiencies are cited. an approved plan of correction is requisite to continued program participation. State-2567 ~5) COMPLETE DATE 03/0212011 03/0212011 (X6) DATE l(-rl-12 a perforated sigmoid diverticulitis (the wall of the lower intestines breaks and causes serious illness) and was admitted to the hospital for further. * 800-431-5880 Ext*. 2064. Manufacturer Reason. for Recall. Pentax is initiating the product correction of several model numbers of Pentax's Colonoscope that were shipped between the clearance date of April 2014 and September 2015 because they contain the operation and reprocessing IFU's that were in use prior to the 2014 clearances and therefore.

The treatment of sigmoid volvulus has evolved over the past decades from one requiring immediate surgical correction, which carries a high mortality, to one of immediate sigmoidoscopic reduction and elective surgery with its attendant lower mortality. Even from the time of Hippocrates, reduction of the volvulus was attempted using a long. Sigmoid, Softmax and their derivatives. The Softmax function is used in many machine learning applications for multi-class classifications. Unlike the Sigmoid function, which takes one input and assigns to it a number (the probability) from 0 to 1 that it's a YES, the softmax function can take many inputs and assign probability for each one

- Genome search in SigmoID requires only a text file in the FASTA format with aligned sequences for a transcription regulator. The required data can be extracted from the literature or one of the several databases. SigmoID provides an integrated online access to the RegPrecise database (Novichkov et al., 2013) which has a large collection of data o
- This video is for educational purpose only! To find out more about Gender Correction Surgery Male to Female. Do visit http://www.transgendersurgeryworld.com/..
- The sigmoid activation function is also called the logistic function. It is the same function used in the logistic regression classification algorithm. The function takes any real value as input and outputs values in the range 0 to 1. The larger the input (more positive), the closer the output value will be to 1.0, whereas the smaller the input.
- Sava Perovic Team's procedures all tend to be the most advanced urogenital procedures available anywhere and the ones giving patients the best results.. This surgical art continues to be studied, developed and advanced by the world's top urologists, leading andrologists, and the best reconstructive surgeons at hands-on live surgery training provided by the Sava Perovic Foundation in Belgrade.
- with the sigmoid notch is called the ulnar seat; the portion under the triangular fibrocartilage is considered the ulnar pole. The relationship of the concave sigmoid notch, with its larger radius of curvature, and the smaller ulnar seat permits a unique combination of rotation and translation.1 However, the area of articular.

Atmospheric correction using either the Dark Object Subtraction model, Chavez's Cos(t) model, the full radiative transfer equation model, or the Apparent Reflectance Model (ARM). Fully automated for Landsat. Image mosaicking for color balancing multiple scenes into a single image. Radiance calibration to convert raw DN * Five parameters logistic regression One big holes into MatLab cftool function is the absence of Logistic Functions*. In particular, The Five Parameters Logistic Regression or 5PL nonlinear regression model is commonly used for curve-fitting analysis in bioassays or immunoassays such as ELISA, RIA, IRMA or dose-response curves

Introduction. Dehiscence of the sigmoid sinus is a rare cause of pulsatile tinnitus. Venous causes of pulsatile tinnitus include a high or dehiscent jugular bulb, high flow through local emissary veins (especially the condylar or mastoid vein), local venous stenosis (especially in the transverse sinus), idiopathic intracranial hypertension and idiopathic causes (venous hum) Second, with sigmoid activation, the gradient goes to zero if the input is very large or very small. When the gradient goes to zero, gradient descent tends to have very slow convergence. In contrast, with ReLu activation, the gradient goes to zero if the input is negative but not if the input is large, so it might have only half of the. Results: In patients classified as having sigmoid diverticulitis there was an increased risk of left‐sided colon cancer compared with patients with diverticulosis without any clinical signs of diverticulitis (odds ratio = 4.2, 95% CI 1.3-13.0) which remained after mutually adjusting for several clinical parameters in a multivariate.

- T Vice Kanaval 2021.
- Year round trailer parks near me.
- I can't stand babies.
- Best settings for 5.1 surround sound.
- Nose piercing bump won't go away.
- 2004 05 uconn basketball roster.
- Apartments in Wilmington, NC for Rent $400.
- New bars in Birmingham, AL.
- Android x86 persistent USB.
- Cockatrice MTG.
- BFI films.
- Craigslist Waukegan pets.
- Mitsubishi Lancer GS3 review.
- Personalized Super Mario Birthday Invitations Free.
- Love boat season 4 episode 15 cast.
- Used Yamaha R1 parts.
- Tom Waits Ol 55 chords.
- Cheap wall decor Reddit.
- Fennec fox price in India.
- Build a perfect boyfriend and we'll reveal.
- Ramshorn snail eggs.
- Irish Blessing wood sign.
- Super Six Reading Strategies ppt.
- Newborn baby items.
- Select flex insoles reviews.
- Simple revision of colostomy. which cpt code is assigned?.
- What is environmental health.
- 2011 Dyna Wide Glide value.
- How are humans connected to nature.
- EPAM Investor Presentation.
- Milo the Mask.
- Imakuni Pokémon cards.
- Easter Island head Planter Dunelm.
- Have a good week ahead.
- Mainstays fireplace tv stand for tvs up to 65, white.
- Angelina Mullins.
- Grocy review.
- Kawasaki Mule range.
- Helix piercing bleeding after 3 months.
- The Break RESOURCES.
- Tympanoplasty recovery.